MSP-EXP432P401R LaunchPad and BMP280 barometric pressure sensor example

In this example we show how to connect a BMP280 barometric pressure sensor to a MSP-EXP432P401R LaunchPad, the example will use the Energia IDE.

I used a BMP280 module in this example, which you can see below

BMP280 is an absolute barometric pressure sensor especially designed for mobile applications. The sensor module is housed in an extremely compact package. Its small dimensions and its low power consumption allow for the implementation in battery powered devices such as mobile phones, GPS modules or watches.

Parameter Technical data
Operation range (full accuracy) Pressure: 300…1100 hPa
Temperature: -40…85°C
Absolute accuracy
(Temp. @ 0…+65°C)
~ ±1 hPa
Relative accuracy
p = 700…900hPa
(Temp. @ +25…+40°C)
± 0.12 hPa (typical)
equivalent to ±1 m
Average current consumption (1 Hz data refresh rate) 2.74 μA, typical
(ultra-low power mode)
Average current consumption in sleep mode 0.1 μA
Average measurement time 5.5 msec
(ultra-low power preset)
Supply voltage VDDIO 1.2 … 3.6 V
Supply voltage VDD 1.71 … 3.6 V
Resolution of data Pressure: 0.01 hPa ( < 10 cm)
Temperature: 0.01° C
Temperature coefficient offset
(+25°…+40°C @900hPa)
± 0.12 hPa (typical)
equivalent to ±1 m
Interface I²C and SPI

 

 

Connection

Here is a picture of the launchpad so you can see what pins we are referring to below in the table

launchpad pins1
launchpad pins1
Module Connection MSP432 Connection
SDA J1-10 SDA
SCL J1-9 SCL
Gnd J3-22 Gnd
Vcc J1-1 3.3v

Code

#include<Wire.h>
 
// BMP280 I2C address is 0x76(108)
#define Addr 0x76
 
void setup()
{
  // Initialise I2C communication as MASTER
  Wire.begin();
  // Initialise Serial communication, set baud rate = 9600
  Serial.begin(9600);
}
 
void loop()
{
  unsigned int b1[24];
  unsigned int data[8];
  for (int i = 0; i < 24; i++)
  {
    // Start I2C Transmission
    Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
    // Select data register
    Wire.write((136 + i));
    // Stop I2C Transmission
    Wire.endTransmission();
 
    // Request 1 byte of data
    Wire.requestFrom(Addr, 1);
 
    // Read 1 byte of data
    if (Wire.available() == 1)
    {
      b1[i] = Wire.read();
    }
  }
  // Convert the data
  // temp coefficients
  unsigned int dig_T1 = (b1[0] & 0xFF) + ((b1[1] & 0xFF) * 256);
  int dig_T2 = b1[2] + (b1[3] * 256);
  int dig_T3 = b1[4] + (b1[5] * 256);
 
  // pressure coefficients
  unsigned int dig_P1 = (b1[6] & 0xFF) + ((b1[7] & 0xFF) * 256);
  int dig_P2 = b1[8] + (b1[9] * 256);
  int dig_P3 = b1[10] + (b1[11] * 256);
  int dig_P4 = b1[12] + (b1[13] * 256);
  int dig_P5 = b1[14] + (b1[15] * 256);
  int dig_P6 = b1[16] + (b1[17] * 256);
  int dig_P7 = b1[18] + (b1[19] * 256);
  int dig_P8 = b1[20] + (b1[21] * 256);
  int dig_P9 = b1[22] + (b1[23] * 256);
 
  // Start I2C Transmission
  Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
  // Select control measurement register
  Wire.write(0xF4);
  // Normal mode, temp and pressure over sampling rate = 1
  Wire.write(0x27);
  // Stop I2C Transmission
  Wire.endTransmission();
 
  // Start I2C Transmission
  Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
  // Select config register
  Wire.write(0xF5);
  // Stand_by time = 1000ms
  Wire.write(0xA0);
  // Stop I2C Transmission
  Wire.endTransmission();
 
  for (int i = 0; i < 8; i++)
  {
    // Start I2C Transmission
    Wire.beginTransmission(Addr);
    // Select data register
    Wire.write((247 + i));
    // Stop I2C Transmission
    Wire.endTransmission();
 
    // Request 1 byte of data
    Wire.requestFrom(Addr, 1);
 
    // Read 1 byte of data
    if (Wire.available() == 1)
    {
      data[i] = Wire.read();
    }
  }
 
  // Convert pressure and temperature data to 19-bits
  long adc_p = (((long)(data[0] & 0xFF) * 65536) + ((long)(data[1] & 0xFF) * 256) + (long)(data[2] & 0xF0)) / 16;
  long adc_t = (((long)(data[3] & 0xFF) * 65536) + ((long)(data[4] & 0xFF) * 256) + (long)(data[5] & 0xF0)) / 16;
 
  // Temperature offset calculations
  double var1 = (((double)adc_t) / 16384.0 - ((double)dig_T1) / 1024.0) * ((double)dig_T2);
  double var2 = ((((double)adc_t) / 131072.0 - ((double)dig_T1) / 8192.0) *
                 (((double)adc_t) / 131072.0 - ((double)dig_T1) / 8192.0)) * ((double)dig_T3);
  double t_fine = (long)(var1 + var2);
  double cTemp = (var1 + var2) / 5120.0;
  double fTemp = cTemp * 1.8 + 32;
 
  // Pressure offset calculations
  var1 = ((double)t_fine / 2.0) - 64000.0;
  var2 = var1 * var1 * ((double)dig_P6) / 32768.0;
  var2 = var2 + var1 * ((double)dig_P5) * 2.0;
  var2 = (var2 / 4.0) + (((double)dig_P4) * 65536.0);
  var1 = (((double) dig_P3) * var1 * var1 / 524288.0 + ((double) dig_P2) * var1) / 524288.0;
  var1 = (1.0 + var1 / 32768.0) * ((double)dig_P1);
  double p = 1048576.0 - (double)adc_p;
  p = (p - (var2 / 4096.0)) * 6250.0 / var1;
  var1 = ((double) dig_P9) * p * p / 2147483648.0;
  var2 = p * ((double) dig_P8) / 32768.0;
  double pressure = (p + (var1 + var2 + ((double)dig_P7)) / 16.0) / 100;
 
  // Output data to serial monitor
  Serial.print("Pressure : ");
  Serial.print(pressure);
  Serial.println(" hPa");
  Serial.print("Temperature in Celsius : ");
  Serial.print(cTemp);
  Serial.println(" C");
  Serial.print("Temperature in Fahrenheit : ");
  Serial.print(fTemp);
  Serial.println(" F");
  delay(1000);
}

 

Output

Open the serial monitor and you should see something like this

Pressure : 1151.92 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 24.16 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 75.49 F
Pressure : 1152.85 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 24.14 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 75.45 F
Pressure : 1027.95 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 26.61 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 79.89 F
Pressure : 974.31 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 27.60 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 81.68 F
Pressure : 941.07 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 28.19 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 82.74 F
Pressure : 917.43 hPa
Temperature in Celsius : 28.61 C
Temperature in Fahrenheit : 83.49

 

Links

I2C / SPI BMP280 3.3 Digital Barometric Pressure Altitude Sensor High Precision Atmospheric Module for arduino Replace BMP180